Epidemiology for geochemists

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
A G Shaper


Epidemiologists study the distribution and the determinants of disease in human populations. Geochemists may be more concerned to find diseases to fit the observed patterns of geochemistry. This paper is concerned with the application of epidemiological techniques to the interrelations between health, disease and geochemistry, with particular reference to the hazards of man-made chemicals in the environment. Descriptive studies of disease in terms of person, place and time allow for crude comparison with the results of geochemical mapping and for the development of hypotheses. Analytical studies allow for the exploration of these hypotheses but demand careful sampling techniques and vigorous quality control. The epidemiological approach should be directed towards the identification of national/regional problems and of high-risk groups, the definition of priorities and the opportunities for preventative measures. The problems and possibilities for epidemiological research are illustrated from recent and current studies.


Aug 2, 2002·The Science of the Total Environment·P W Abrahams
May 16, 1981·British Medical Journal·S M Gore

Related Concepts

Cardiovascular Diseases
Human Geography
Epidemiologic Studies

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.

Related Papers

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
I Thornton, J S Webb
© 2020 Meta ULC. All rights reserved