PMID: 9230973Jun 1, 1997

Epidemiology of influenza virus infections in children with acute respiratory infections in Zambia

Annals of Tropical Paediatrics
K MizutaY Numazaki

Abstract

A viral aetiological and epidemiological study of acute respiratory infections (ARI) in children was carried out in Lusaka, Zambia between June 1993 and September 1995. A total of 3,760 throat swab specimens were collected for virus isolation from children under 5 years of age who had ARI and were attending three health centres in Lusaka. Between June and November 1993, 52 cases of the influenza A/H3N2 viruses were isolated. Between May and July 1994, 34 influenza B cases were isolated. In 1995, one A/H3N2 influenza virus was isolated in January and then the same type of influenza virus was isolated from 55 samples between June and August. The isolation rate of influenza virus was highest at 14.3% (20/139) in August 1993, at 15.1% (18/119) in June 1994 and at 25.4% (43/169) in July 1995. This is the first report of a consecutive study of influenza virus infections in Zambia and the results reveal that influenza virus infections are one of the most important pathogens of ARI in children in the cool, dry season (June-August) in this country.

References

Jun 1, 1990·Journal of Clinical Microbiology·H MoriuchiY Numazaki
Dec 1, 1988·The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene·D T HazlettJ O Ndinya-Achola

Citations

Mar 1, 2008·South African Family Practice : Official Journal of the South African Academy of Family Practice/Primary Care·Mf CottonH Rabie
Jan 15, 2020·BMC Health Services Research·Paul SimusikaM Monze
Nov 28, 2012·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·Andros TheoM Monze

Related Concepts

Acute Disease
Influenza
Orthomyxovirus Type A, Porcine
Influenza B virus
Upper Respiratory Infections
Seasonal Variation

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Allergy & Infectious Diseases

Allergies result from the hyperreactivity of the immune system to some environmental substance and can be life-threatening. Infectious diseases are caused by organisms including bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. They can be transmitted different ways, such as person-to-person. Here is the latest research on allergy and infectious diseases.

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