Nov 18, 2018

Epidermal growth factor induced macropinocytosis directs branch formation of lung epithelial cells

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Masaya Hagiwara, Ikuhiko Nakase


Lung branching morphogenesis is a complex system involving many molecular interactions to filling the three dimensional spaces; however, the underlying developmental mechanisms are still not fully understood. In this paper, we have investigated the effect of epidermal growth factor (EGF) on normal human bronchial epithelial cells and their three-dimensional (3D) branching pattern formation by using in vitro experiments and mathematical simulation. The results show that EGF is essential for 3D branch pattern formation and its receptor is highly expressed at the tip of branches to generate the drive force for cells to migrate. Macropinocytosis induced by EGFR expression is firmly contributed to the nutrition uptake at the tip of branches. Our findings for effective branching formation of human lung cells contribute to further understanding molecular mechanisms of organogenesis, and the important mechanisms also possibly participate in related lung disease such as malformation.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Bronchial System
Epidermal Growth Factor
Squamous Transitional Epithelial Cell Count
Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Activity

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