Apr 11, 2007

Epigenetic regulation of clusterin/apolipoprotein J expression in retinal pigment epithelial cells

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
T SuuronenA Salminen


Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of blindness worldwide. AMD is characterized by the deposition of drusen aggregates under the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Clusterin/apo J, a multifunctional secreted chaperone, is one of the major proteins accumulating in drusen deposits. The regulation of clusterin expression is not well characterized but the promoter of clusterin contains a CpG-rich methylation domain. Since aging affects both DNA methylation and histone acetylation status, the epigenetic regulation might have an important role in clusterin/apo J expression. Our purpose was to elucidate whether the induction of DNA hypomethylation with 5-aza-2'-deoxycytidine (AZA) and histone hyperacetylation with trichostatin A (TSA) could affect the clusterin transcription, protein levels, and secretion in retinal pigment epithelial cells. We observed that both TSA and AZA treatments induced a prominent increase in the expression levels of clusterin mRNA and protein in ARPE-19 cells, as well as in the secretion of clusterin protein. Furthermore, valproic acid, an antiepileptic drug and a recently identified inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC), induced a significant increase in clusterin protein expressio...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Molecular Dynamics
Pathogenic Aspects
Northern Blotting
DNA Methylation [PE]
Macula Densa
Histone antigen
Abnormal Degeneration
Retinal Drusen

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