Epigenetic reprogramming in plant sexual reproduction

Nature Reviews. Genetics
Tomokazu Kawashima, Frédéric Berger

Abstract

Epigenetic reprogramming consists of global changes in DNA methylation and histone modifications. In mammals, epigenetic reprogramming is primarily associated with sexual reproduction and occurs during both gametogenesis and early embryonic development. Such reprogramming is crucial not only to maintain genomic integrity through silencing transposable elements but also to reset the silenced status of imprinted genes. In plants, observations of stable transgenerational inheritance of epialleles have argued against reprogramming. However, emerging evidence supports that epigenetic reprogramming indeed occurs during sexual reproduction in plants and that it has a major role in maintaining genome integrity and a potential contribution to epiallelic variation.

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Related Concepts

Genome
Reproduction
Changes in DNA Methylation
DNA Methylation
Sexual Reproduction
Embryonic Development
Genetic Inheritance
Study of Epigenetics
Genomics
Histone Modification

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