Nov 19, 2019

Epinephrine restores platelet functions inhibited by ticagrelor: A mechanistic approach

European Journal of Pharmacology
Anne-Céline MartinChristilla Bachelot-Loza

Abstract

Ticagrelor, an antagonist of the platelet adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-P2Y12 receptor is recommended for patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, ticagrelor exposes to a risk of bleeding, the management of which is challenging because platelet transfusion is ineffective, and no antidote is yet available. We hypothesized that the vasopressor drug epinephrine could counter the antiplatelet effects of ticagrelor and restore platelet functions. We assessed in vitro the efficiency of epinephrine in restoring platelet aggregation inhibited by ticagrelor and investigated the underlying mechanisms. Washed platelet aggregation and secretion were measured upon stimulation by epinephrine alone or in combination with ADP, in the presence or absence of ticagrelor. Mechanistic investigations used P2Y1 and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors and included vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) and Akt phosphorylation assays as well as measurement of Ca2+ mobilisation. We found that epinephrine restored ADP-induced platelet aggregation, but not dense granule release. Epinephrine alone failed to induce aggregation whereas it fully induced VASP dephosphorylation and Akt phosphorylation regardless of the presence of ticagrelor...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
In Vivo
Receptors, Purinergic P1
AKT1
VASP
Phosphoinositide Pathway
Antiplatelet Therapy
Calcium ion
Platelet Function
ADP Binding

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