Epoch versus impulse models in the analysis of parametric fMRI studies

Clinical Neurophysiology : Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
N RichterGeorg Winterer

Abstract

In parametric fMRI studies the relationship between the amplitude of the hemodynamic response and electrophysiological or behavioral parameters is commonly analyzed using the general linear model (GLM). We examined ways of using single-trial response time (RT) in the analysis of a decision-making task to better isolate task-specific activation. fMRI and RT data were recorded in twenty-one subjects performing a visual-oddball-task. Four explanatory variables (EVs) were generated for the GLM-analysis: A conventional (constant impulse) EV, a constant epoch EV informed using subjects' average RT, a variable impulse EV and a variable epoch EV both informed using single-trial RT. EVs were tested individually and as orthogonalized pairs. The individual EVs all detected similar extensive patterns of activation, while orthogonalized EVs were mainly correlated with BOLD signal variance in sensorimotor and parietal areas. Orthogonalizing the variable epoch EV to the constant epoch EV isolated cortical regions resembling the "dorsal frontoparietal attention network" from activation detected by the conventional (i.e., constant impulse) analysis. For short event durations, the activation detected by individual EVs is very similar, but orthog...Continue Reading

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Citations

Jan 9, 2018·Brain : a Journal of Neurology·N RichterJuraj Kukolja
Nov 10, 2020·Journal of Alzheimer's Disease : JAD·Nils RichterOezguer A Onur

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Brain
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