EQUIFAT: A novel scoring system for the semi-quantitative evaluation of regional adipose tissues in Equidae

PloS One
Philippa K MorrisonCaroline McG Argo


Anatomically distinct adipose tissues represent variable risks to metabolic health in man and some other mammals. Quantitative-imaging of internal adipose depots is problematic in large animals and associations between regional adiposity and health are poorly understood. This study aimed to develop and test a semi-quantitative system (EQUIFAT) which could be applied to regional adipose tissues. Anatomically-defined, photographic images of adipose depots (omental, mesenteric, epicardial, rump) were collected from 38 animals immediately post-mortem. Images were ranked and depot-specific descriptors were developed (1 = no fat visible; 5 = excessive fat present). Nuchal-crest and ventro-abdominal-retroperitoneal adipose depot depths (cm) were transformed to categorical 5 point scores. The repeatability and reliability of EQUIFAT was independently tested by 24 observers. When half scores were permitted, inter-observer agreement was substantial (average κw: mesenteric, 0.79; omental, 0.79; rump 0.61) or moderate (average κw; epicardial, 0.60). Intra-observer repeatability was tested by 8 observers on 2 occasions. Kappa analysis indicated perfect (omental and mesenteric) and substantial agreement (epicardial and rump) between attempts...Continue Reading


Feb 1, 1992·Journal of Applied Physiology·R RossR Guardo
Jan 1, 1988·Equine Veterinary Journal·C L Carroll, P J Huntington
Apr 13, 2005·Archives of Internal Medicine·Bret H GoodpasterAnne B Newman
Feb 1, 2007·Journal of Animal Science·M M VickB P Fitzgerald
Jan 3, 2008·American Journal of Veterinary Research·Simon R BaileyNicola J Menzies-Gow
Jan 9, 2008·International Journal of Obesity : Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity·T B Chaston, J B Dixon
Feb 14, 2009·Obesity·Maya LottatiRichard N Bergman
Jun 12, 2009·Gender Medicine·Eliza B Geer, Wei Shen
Dec 17, 2010·Archives of Physiology and Biochemistry·Paul TrayhurnJürgen Eckel
Dec 16, 2011·Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology·Todd C HolbrookDianne McFarlane
May 15, 2012·The Veterinary Journal·Alexandra H A DugdaleCaroline McG Argo
Nov 3, 2012·The Veterinary Journal·Caroline McG ArgoPatricia A Harris
Apr 4, 2013·Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine·Koji OkadaToyoaki Murohara
Dec 4, 2013·BMC Veterinary Research·Lien BruynsteenMyriam Hesta
Nov 18, 2014·PloS One·Chi-Sheng HungHung-Yuan Li

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Jan 19, 2020·Journal of Equine Veterinary Science·Ashley L FowlerLaurie M Lawrence
Sep 18, 2020·Biotechnic & Histochemistry : Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission·Serpil Ünver SaraydinDursun Saraydın
May 28, 2021·Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine·Bettina DunkelNicola J Menzies-Gow

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Methods Mentioned


Software Mentioned


Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.