Equine cyathostomins: a review of biology, clinical significance and therapy.

Parasites & Vectors
Susan Corning

Abstract

The small strongyles of horses, also known as cyathostomins, are considered the most prevalent and pathogenic parasites of horses today. The clinical syndrome of larval cyathostominosis which occurs as a result of mass emergence of inhibited stages has a high fatality rate despite the best standard of care given to affected horses. Management of the challenge level of cyathostomins to prevent the syndrome is preferable. Many different management programmes have been tried over the past two decades, with mixed success. Programmes have relied heavily on repeated use of anthelmintic treatments throughout the life of a horse. The widespread incidence of resistance to certain anthelmintics is reducing these options. An understanding of the biology of cyathostomins, risk factors for infection and appropriate strategic use of still effective anthelmintics is essential for the future management of this parasite group. This review highlights the necessity to use currently available anthelmintics that are appropriately suited to the biology of cyathostomins, and to maintain heir efficacy through an appropriate treatment strategy.

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Citations

Nov 13, 2014·BMC Veterinary Research·Stephanie SchneiderMiriam C Scheuerle
May 20, 2011·Equine Veterinary Journal·J B Matthews
Jan 16, 2013·Veterinary Parasitology·Ricardo J CaneverMarcelo B Molento
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Nov 5, 2016·Veterinary Parasitology·José Ángel HernándezAdolfo Paz-Silva
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Jan 27, 2018·Parasites & Vectors·Rebecca A MolenaCinzia Cantacessi
Feb 21, 2019·Proteomics·Christina Maria BredtmannGeorg von Samson-Himmelstjerna
May 1, 2019·Parasites & Vectors·Muhammad A SaeedAbdul Jabbar
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