May 31, 2020

Escape of TLR5 Recognition by Leptospira spp: A Rationale for Atypical Endoflagella

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. HolzapfelCatherine Werts

Abstract

Leptospira interrogans are invasive bacteria responsible for leptospirosis, a worldwide zoonosis. They possess two periplasmic endoflagella that allow their motility. L. interrogans are stealth pathogens that escape the innate immune responses of the NOD-like receptors NOD1/2, and the human Toll-like receptor (TLR)4, sensing peptidoglycan and lipopolysaccharide (LPS), respectively. TLR5 is another receptor of bacterial cell wall components, recognizing flagellin subunits. To study the contribution of TLR5 in the host defense against leptospires, we infected WT and TLR5 deficient mice with pathogenic L. interrogans and tracked the infection by in vivo live imaging of bioluminescent bacteria or by q-PCR. We did not identify any protective or inflammatory role of murine TLR5 to control pathogenic Leptospira. Likewise, subsequent in vitro experiments showed that infections with different live strains of L. interrogans and L. biflexa did not trigger TLR5. However, unexpectedly, heat-killed bacteria stimulated human and bovine TLR5, although barely mouse TLR5. Abolition of TLR5 recognition required extensive boiling time of the bacteria or proteinase K treatment, showing an unusual high stability of the leptospiral flagellins. Intere...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Exertion
Regulation of Biological Process
Science of Morphology
Molecular Profiling
Gene Expression
Human Cell Line
High Throughput Analysis
Description
Cell Type

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