PMID: 3911944Dec 1, 1985Paper

Escherichia coli S-adenosylhomocysteine/5'-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase. Purification, substrate specificity and mechanism of action

The Biochemical Journal
F Della RagioneA E Pegg


S-Adenosylhomocysteine/5'-methylthioadenosine nucleosidase (EC was purified to homogeneity from Escherichia coli to a final specific activity of 373 mumol of 5'-methylthioadenosine cleaved/min per mg of protein. Affinity chromatography on S-formycinylhomocysteine-Sepharose is the key step of the purification procedure. The enzyme, responsible for the cleavage of the glycosidic bond of both S-adenosylhomocysteine and 5'-methylthioadenosine, was partially characterized. The apparent Km for 5'-methylthioadenosine is 0.4 microM, and that for S-adenosylhomocysteine is 4.3 microM. The maximal rate of cleavage of S-adenosylhomocysteine is approx. 40% of that of 5'-methylthioadenosine. Some 25 analogues of the two naturally occurring thioethers were studied as potential substrates or inhibitors of the enzyme. Except for the analogues modified in the 5'-position of the ribose moiety or the 2-position of the purine ring, none of the compounds tested was effective as a substrate. Moreover, 5'-methylthioformycin, 5'-chloroformycin, S-formycinylhomocysteine, 5'-methylthiotubercidin and S-tubercidinylhomocysteine were powerful inhibitors of the enzyme activity. The results obtained allow the hypothesis of a mechanism of enzymic cata...Continue Reading


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Related Concepts

Pfs protein, E coli
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