Apr 3, 2020

TRANSCRIPTIONAL REGULATORS OF THE GOLLI/MYELIN BASIC PROTEIN LOCUS INTEGRATE ADDITIVE AND STEALTH ACTIVITIES

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
H. BagheriAlan C Peterson

Abstract

Myelin is composed of plasma membrane spirally wrapped around axons and compacted into dense sheaths by myelin associated proteins. In the central nervous system (CNS), myelin is elaborated by neuroepithelial derived oligodendrocytes and in the peripheral nervous system (PNS) by neural crest derived Schwann cells. While some myelin proteins are unique to only one lineage, myelin basic protein ( Mbp ) is expressed in both. Overlapping the Mbp gene is Golli, a transcriptional unit that is expressed widely both within and beyond the nervous system. A super-enhancer domain within the Golli/Mbp locus contains multiple enhancers shown previously to drive reporter construct expression specifically in oligodendrocytes or Schwann cells. In order to determine the contribution of each enhancer to the Golli/Mbp expression program and examine if interactions among these enhancers occur, we derived mouse lines in which enhancers were deleted, either singly or in different combinations, and relative mRNA accumulation was measured at key stages of development. Although super-enhancers have been shown to facilitate interaction among their component enhancers, the enhancers investigated here demonstrated functions that were largely additive. How...Continue Reading

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