Apr 25, 2020

Cassava common mosaic virus causes photosynthetic alterations associated with changes in chloroplast ultrastructure and carbohydrate metabolism of cassava plants

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. A. ZaniniMarianela Soledad Rodriguez

Abstract

Cassava common mosaic virus (CsCMV) is a potexvirus that causes systemic infections in cassava plants, leading to chlorotic mosaic and producing significant yield losses. To date, the physiological alterations and the mechanism underlying biotic stress during the cassava-CsCMV compatible interaction remains unknown. In this study, we found that CsCMV infection adversely modified chloroplast structure and had functional effects on chloroplasts in source leaves during the course of viral infection. Extrusion of the chloroplast membrane with amoeboid-shaped appearance was observed in infected mesophyll cells. These alterations were associated with lower relative chlorophyll content, and reduced PSII efficiency and CO2 fixation. Moreover, an oxidative stress process was observed in CsCMV-infected plants. Strong declines in the maximum quantum yield of primary photochemistry (Fv/Fm) were observed in infected plants. Furthermore, the analysis of Chlorophyll-a fluorescence (ChlF) evidenced a progressive loss of both oxygen evolving complex activity and connectivity within the tripartite system (core antenna-LHCII-Reaction Centre). Other effects of the pathogen included reduction of starch and maltose content in source leaves, and a si...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Genome-Wide Association Study
Study
Deoxyribonuclease I
Genome
Pathogenic Organism
Gene Deletion
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Bio-Informatics
Gene Expression
Nucleotide Metabolism

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