Estimating the Population Size of Female Sex Workers in Three South African Cities: Results and Recommendations From the 2013-2014 South Africa Health Monitoring Survey and Stakeholder Consensus

JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
Michael A GrassoT Lane

Abstract

Robust population size estimates of female sex workers and other key populations in South Africa face multiple methodological limitations, including inconsistencies in surveillance and programmatic indicators. This has, consequently, challenged the appropriate allocation of resources and benchmark-setting necessary to an effective HIV response. A 2013-2014 integrated biological and behavioral surveillance (IBBS) survey from South Africa showed alarmingly high HIV prevalence among female sex workers in South Africa's three largest cities of Johannesburg (71.8%), Cape Town (39.7%), and eThekwini (53.5%). The survey also included several multiplier-based population size estimation methods. The objective of our study was to present the selected population size estimation methods used in an IBBS survey and the subsequent participatory process used to estimate the number of female sex workers in three South African cities. In 2013-2014, we used respondent-driven sampling to recruit independent samples of female sex workers for IBBS surveys in Johannesburg, Cape Town, and eThekwini. We embedded multiple multiplier-based population size estimation methods into the survey, from which investigators calculated weighted estimates and range...Continue Reading

References

Nov 20, 2002·Sexually Transmitted Diseases·Catherine A ConnollySalim S Abdool Karim
Apr 15, 2005·International Journal of STD & AIDS·K L DunkleM L Wilson
Jun 3, 2005·AIDS·Robert MagnaniDouglas Heckathorn
Oct 13, 2006·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Lisa Grazina JohnstonThi Huong Pham
Oct 24, 2006·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Abu S Abdul-QuaderTobi Saidel
Feb 5, 2010·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Anneli UuskülaDon C Des Jarlais
May 18, 2011·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jan LorenzDirk Helbing
Jan 8, 2014·Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS·Abu S Abdul-QuaderWolfgang Hladik
Jan 15, 2015·AIDS and Behavior·Tracey L KonstantCoceka Nogoduka
Jan 1, 2014·Electronic Journal of Statistics·Mark S HandcockCorinne M Mar
Aug 3, 2017·Global Health Action·Nosipho Faith MakhakheHelen Struthers

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Software Mentioned

SAHMS
WOTC
eThekwini
SPSS
RDS Analysis Tool

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.