Feb 19, 2004

Estimation of false discovery rates in multiple testing: application to gene microarray data

Biometrics
Chen-An TsaiJames J Chen

Abstract

Testing for significance with gene expression data from DNA microarray experiments involves simultaneous comparisons of hundreds or thousands of genes. If R denotes the number of rejections (declared significant genes) and V denotes the number of false rejections, then V/R, if R > 0, is the proportion of false rejected hypotheses. This paper proposes a model for the distribution of the number of rejections and the conditional distribution of V given R, V / R. Under the independence assumption, the distribution of R is a convolution of two binomials and the distribution of V / R has a noncentral hypergeometric distribution. Under an equicorrelated model, the distributions are more complex and are also derived. Five false discovery rate probability error measures are considered: FDR = E(V/R), pFDR = E(V/R / R > 0) (positive FDR), cFDR = E(V/R / R = r) (conditional FDR), mFDR = E(V)/E(R) (marginal FDR), and eFDR = E(V)/r (empirical FDR). The pFDR, cFDR, and mFDR are shown to be equivalent under the Bayesian framework, in which the number of true null hypotheses is modeled as a random variable. We present a parametric and a bootstrap procedure to estimate the FDRs. Monte Carlo simulations were conducted to evaluate the performance ...Continue Reading

  • References76
  • Citations2

References

  • References76
  • Citations2

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

DNA Microarray Format
Gene Expression
Biometry
Cistron
Two-Parameter Models
Bayesian Prediction
Cdna Microarrays
Cadmium
DNA Microarray Chip

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