Estrogen-induced gonadotropin surges in female rhesus monkeys after pituitary stalk section

Endocrinology
M FerinR L Vande Wiele

Abstract

In order to investigate the primary site of action of estradiol, whether pituitary or hypothalamic, gonadotropin responses to estrogen were studied in female rhesus monkeys before and immediately after pituitary stalk section. The estrogen challenge, consisting of either an injection of estradio benzoate (400 microgram) or an implant of three silastic capsules containing 17 beta-estradiol, was initiated on days 2--5 of the menstrual cycle. The estrogen was given not later than 8 h after stalk section. Estrogens induced LH surges in all five animals before and after stalk section. FSH increases were observed in four of five intact and three of four stalk-sectioned animals. Mean FSH and LH levels in three stalk-sectioned animals treated with oil alone did not differ significantly from preinjection controls. These experiments suggest that the locus of estrogens on gonadotropin release in the rhesus monkey may well reside within the pituitary gland itself.

Citations

Jul 1, 1979·Journal of Steroid Biochemistry·M Ferin
Oct 1, 1980·European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology·P F Van Look, D T Baird
Apr 1, 1996·European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology·G Leyendecker, L Wildt
Nov 1, 1983·Clinics in Endocrinology and Metabolism·P E Belchetz
Nov 1, 1987·Journal of Adolescent Health Care : Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine·E O Reiter
May 5, 2006·Human Reproduction Update·Ioannis E Messinis
Feb 13, 2001·Endocrine Reviews·E Terasawa, D L Fernandez

Related Concepts

Anthropoidea
Estradiol, (16 alpha,17 beta)-Isomer
Menstrual Cycle, Proliferative Phase
Follicle Stimulating Hormone
Organum Vasculosum Laminae Terminalis
Luteozyman
Macaca mulatta
Pituitary Stalk

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Systemic Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

Systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis is a rare rheumatic disease that affects children. Symptoms include joint pain, but also fevers and skin rashes. Here is the latest on this disease.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Central Pontine Myelinolysis

Central Pontine Myelinolysis is a neurologic disorder caused most frequently by rapid correction of hyponatremia and is characterized by demyelination that affects the central portion of the base of the pons. Here is the latest research on this disease.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Pontocerebellar Hypoplasia

Pontocerebellar hypoplasias are a group of neurodegenerative autosomal recessive disorders with prenatal onset, atrophy or hypoplasia of the cerebellum, hypoplasia of the ventral pons, microcephaly, variable neocortical atrophy and severe mental and motor impairments. Here is the latest research on pontocerebellar hypoplasia.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy (CTE) is a progressive degenerative disease that occurs in individuals that suffer repetitive brain trauma. Discover the latest research on traumatic encephalopathy here.