PMID: 7059417Feb 1, 1982

Ethanol-induced increase in procainamide acetylation in man

British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
H Olsen, J Mørland


1 The effect of ethanol on procainamide pharmacokinetics was studied in humans by two different experimental designs. In one, ethanol was given 1.5 h after taking the drug followed by hourly drinks, while in the other ethanol was given 2 h before and subsequently after taking the drug. 2 In both studies, ethanol caused a significant reduction of T1/2 and a significant increase in total clearance of procainamide, while the apparent volume of distribution of procainamide, as well as the renal clearance of both procainamide and N-acetylprocainamide were unaffected by ethanol treatment. 3 Ethanol treatment increased the percentage of N-acetylprocainamide measured in blood and urine and the ratio of AUCNAPA/AUCPA significantly. 4 The T1/2 and total clearance of procainamide was significantly different in slow and rapid acetylators.


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