Nov 25, 1975

Ethanolaminephosphate cytidylyltransferase. Purification and characterization of the enzyme from rat liver

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
R Sundler

Abstract

Ethanolaminephosphate cytidylyltransferase (EC 2.7.7.14), which catalyzes a central step in phosphatidylethanolamine synthesis, has been purified 1000-fold from a postmicrosomal supernatant from rat liver. The enzyme, which requires a reducing agent, like dithiothreitol, for activity, is stable for weeks at 0-4 degrees when stored in the presence of dithiothreitol and in the pH range 7.5 to 9.0. A molecular weight of 100 to 120 X 10(3) was estimated by gel chromatography on Sephadex G-200. Gel electrophoresis in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulfate gave only one protein band with an apparent molecular weight of 49 to 50 X 10(3). The reaction catalyzed by the enzyme is reversible with a Keq for the forward reaction of 0.46 under the assay conditions. Michaelis constants of 53 and 65 muM were determined for CTP and ethanolaminephosphate, respectively. From the product inhibition pattern an ordered sequential reaction mechanism is proposed, in which CTP is the first substrate to add to the enzyme and CDP-ethanolamine is the last product to be released. The possible role of this reaction in the regulation of phosphatidylethanolamine synthesis in liver is discussed.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Sephadex G 200
Dithiothreitol
Supernatant
Gel Chromatography
Ethanolamine-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
Ethanolamine
Purification Aspects
Metabolic Inhibition
Ethanolamines
Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate

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