PMID: 7795085Apr 1, 1995Paper

Etiology of acute respiratory tract infections among children in a combined community and hospital study in Rio de Janeiro

Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
F SutmollerB L Cunha

Abstract

We reviewed data collected between January 1987 and December 1989 on the etiology of acute respiratory infections (ARI) among 827 children in two low-income communities and a hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Respiratory syncytial virus was identified in 38% of cases of ARI, influenza A virus in 1%, parainfluenza 3 virus in 1%, and multiple viruses in 1%. Respiratory syncytial virus was most prevalent among hospitalized children, with seasonal increases in the late fall and winter. The principal bacterial pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, gram-negative bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and alpha-hemolytic streptococci. Specimens that were most often positive were pleural fluid (46%) and specimens from other normally sterile sites (24%); normally sterile sites included the CSF, trachea, and lungs. Urine counterimmunoelectrophoresis for S. pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae polysaccharide antigens was positive in 3% and 2% of cases, respectively. Pharyngeal cultures yielded low numbers of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae organisms and higher numbers of gram-negative bacteria. This study demonstrates the high incidence of ARI (4.5 cases per 100 child-weeks) among children in Rio de Janeiro and the high morbidity associated with ...Continue Reading

Citations

Apr 10, 2004·Journal of Clinical Virology : the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology·Tzou-Yien LinKou-Chien Tsao
Dec 7, 2013·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·John McCrackenMarika K Iwane
Apr 16, 1998·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·M W WeberE K Mulholland
Apr 3, 2003·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Lone Graff StensballeE A Simoes
Dec 15, 2012·BMC Infectious Diseases·Caroline F ShafikFouad G Youssef
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Jan 29, 2016·Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique·S O Ouédraogo YugbaréM Gueudin
Nov 29, 2001·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·B WolfJ Roord
Oct 6, 2000·São Paulo Medical Journal = Revista Paulista De Medicina·N B FiglieR Laranjeira
Jan 1, 1996·Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo·Bernardo EjzenbergYassuhiko Okay
Feb 5, 2003·Pediatric Pulmonology·Leda Solano de Freitas SouzaEurico Arruda
Nov 14, 2019·The Indian Journal of Medical Research·Sanchit KumarSeema Kapoor
Feb 18, 2005·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Cláudio D'EliaClemax Couto Sant'Anna
Mar 13, 2020·Acta Microbiologica Et Immunologica Hungarica·Iman S NagaOla Kader

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Acute Disease
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