PMID: 7795085Apr 1, 1995Paper

Etiology of acute respiratory tract infections among children in a combined community and hospital study in Rio de Janeiro

Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
F SutmollerB L Cunha


We reviewed data collected between January 1987 and December 1989 on the etiology of acute respiratory infections (ARI) among 827 children in two low-income communities and a hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Respiratory syncytial virus was identified in 38% of cases of ARI, influenza A virus in 1%, parainfluenza 3 virus in 1%, and multiple viruses in 1%. Respiratory syncytial virus was most prevalent among hospitalized children, with seasonal increases in the late fall and winter. The principal bacterial pathogens were Staphylococcus aureus, gram-negative bacteria, Streptococcus pneumoniae, and alpha-hemolytic streptococci. Specimens that were most often positive were pleural fluid (46%) and specimens from other normally sterile sites (24%); normally sterile sites included the CSF, trachea, and lungs. Urine counterimmunoelectrophoresis for S. pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae polysaccharide antigens was positive in 3% and 2% of cases, respectively. Pharyngeal cultures yielded low numbers of S. pneumoniae and H. influenzae organisms and higher numbers of gram-negative bacteria. This study demonstrates the high incidence of ARI (4.5 cases per 100 child-weeks) among children in Rio de Janeiro and the high morbidity associated with ...Continue Reading


Apr 10, 2004·Journal of Clinical Virology : the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology·Tzou-Yien LinKou-Chien Tsao
Dec 7, 2013·The Journal of Infectious Diseases·John McCrackenMarika K Iwane
Apr 16, 1998·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·M W WeberE K Mulholland
Apr 3, 2003·The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal·Lone Graff StensballeE A Simoes
Dec 15, 2012·BMC Infectious Diseases·Caroline F ShafikFouad G Youssef
Jun 12, 1998·Tropical Medicine & International Health : TM & IH·M W WeberB M Greenwood
Jan 29, 2016·Bulletin de la Société de pathologie exotique·S O Ouédraogo YugbaréM Gueudin
Nov 29, 2001·International Journal of Infectious Diseases : IJID : Official Publication of the International Society for Infectious Diseases·B WolfJ Roord
Oct 6, 2000·São Paulo Medical Journal = Revista Paulista De Medicina·N B FiglieR Laranjeira
Jan 1, 1996·Revista Do Instituto De Medicina Tropical De São Paulo·Bernardo EjzenbergYassuhiko Okay
Feb 5, 2003·Pediatric Pulmonology·Leda Solano de Freitas SouzaEurico Arruda
Nov 14, 2019·The Indian Journal of Medical Research·Sanchit KumarSeema Kapoor
Feb 18, 2005·Revista Da Sociedade Brasileira De Medicina Tropical·Cláudio D'EliaClemax Couto Sant'Anna
Mar 13, 2020·Acta Microbiologica Et Immunologica Hungarica·Iman S NagaOla Kader

Related Concepts

Acute Disease
Upper Respiratory Infections

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection

Lipidomics can be used to examine the lipid species involved with pathogenic conditions, such as viral associated inflammation. Discovered the latest research on Lipidomics & Rhinovirus Infection.

Glut1 Deficiency

Glut1 deficiency, an autosomal dominant, genetic metabolic disorder associated with a deficiency of GLUT1, the protein that transports glucose across the blood brain barrier, is characterized by mental and motor developmental delays and infantile seizures. Follow the latest research on Glut1 deficiency with this feed.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Laryngeal Neoplasms

Laryngeal Neoplasms occur in the Larynx and are typically associated with smoking and alcohol consumption. Discover the latest research on Laryngeal Neoplasms here.

Cell Atlas Along the Gut-Brain Axis

Profiling cells along the gut-brain axis at the single cell level will provide unique information for each cell type, a three-dimensional map of how cell types work together to form tissues, and insights into how changes in the map underlie health and disease of the GI system and its crosstalk with the brain. Disocver the latest research on single cell analysis of the gut-brain axis here.