Mar 14, 2017

Evaluation and assessment of read-mapping by multiple next-generation sequencing aligners based on genome-wide characteristics

Genomics
Subazini Thankaswamy-KosalaiIntawat Nookaew

Abstract

Massive data produced due to the advent of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology is widely used for biological researches and medical diagnosis. The crucial step in NGS analysis is read alignment or mapping which is computationally intensive and complex. The mapping bias tends to affect the downstream analysis, including detection of polymorphisms. In order to provide guidelines to the biologist for suitable selection of aligners; we have evaluated and benchmarked 5 different aligners (BWA, Bowtie2, NovoAlign, Smalt and Stampy) and their mapping bias based on characteristics of 5 microbial genomes. Two million simulated read pairs of various sizes (36bp, 50bp, 72bp, 100bp, 125bp, 150bp, 200bp, 250bp and 300bp) were aligned. Specific alignment features such as sensitivity of mapping, percentage of properly paired reads, alignment time and effect of tandem repeats on incorrectly mapped reads were evaluated. BWA showed faster alignment followed by Bowtie2 and Smalt. NovoAlign and Stampy were comparatively slower. Most of the aligners showed high sensitivity towards long reads (>100bp) mapping. On the other hand NovoAlign showed higher sensitivity towards both short reads (36bp, 50bp, 72bp) and long reads (>100bp) mappings; I...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Study
Size
Tandem Repeat Sequences
Genome
Evaluation
Computer Programs and Programming
Yarrowia lipolytica
Sequencing
Massively-Parallel Sequencing

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