Evaluation of a dosing regimen for continuous vancomycin infusion in critically ill patients: an observational study in intensive care unit patients

Journal of Critical Care
Bernd SaugelWolfgang Huber


We aimed to evaluate a dosing algorithm for continuous vancomycin administration in intensive care unit patients. This observational study was conducted in a medical intensive care unit (German university hospital; June 2012-February 2013). Following a loading dose of 20 mg per kg actual body weight, vancomycin was administered continuously (20 or 30 mg of vancomycin per kg actual body weight over 24 hours depending on renal function). The vancomycin infusion rate was adjusted to achieve a target serum vancomycin concentration of 20-30 mg/L. Vancomycin was administered for a median (interquartile range) of 7 (5-9) days. The median vancomycin dose given as an initial bolus was 1750 (1400-2000) mg. The median daily vancomycin dose ranged from 480 (180-960) mg (day 6) to 3.120 (2596-3980) mg (day 1). Altogether, the achieved median serum vancomycin concentration was 29.0 (25.2-33.2) mg/L. On treatment days 1 to 7, we observed target serum vancomycin levels (20-30 mg/L) in 48%, 39%, 33%, 26%, 43%, 57%, and 69% of patients. Supra-therapeutic serum vancomycin concentrations (>30 mg/L) were observed in 36%, 52%, 61%, 63%, 39%, 19%, and 15% of patients on treatment days 1 to 7. The evaluated vancomycin dosing regimen for continuous inf...Continue Reading


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