Evaluation of physiological stress in Australian wildlife: Embracing pioneering and current knowledge as a guide to future research directions

General and Comparative Endocrinology
Edward J Narayan

Abstract

Australia has a rich terrestrial and marine biodiversity and high species endemism. However, the oceanic continent is facing the biodiversity extinction crisis. The primary factors are anthropogenic induced environmental changes, including wildlife habitat destruction through urbanisation and predation by feral animals (e.g. red foxes and feral cats), increased severity of diseases (e.g. chytridiomycosis and chlamydia), and increased occurrence of summer heat waves and bush fires. Stress physiology is a dynamic field of science based on the studies of endocrine system functioning in animals. The primary stress regulator is the hypothalamo-pituitary adrenal (interrenal) axis and glucocorticoids (corticosterone and/or cortisol) provide stress index across vertebrate groups. This review paper focuses on physiological stress assessments in Australian wildlife using examples of amphibians, reptiles, birds and marsupials. I provide a thorough discussion of pioneering studies that have shaped the field of stress physiology in Australian wildlife species. The main findings point towards key aspects of stress endocrinology research, such as quantification of biologically active levels of glucocorticoids, development of species-specific ...Continue Reading

References

Feb 1, 1975·General and Comparative Endocrinology·S D Bradshaw
Jun 1, 1976·The Journal of Endocrinology·C J OddieB A Scoggins
Jan 1, 1977·The Journal of Endocrinology·C Sernia, I R McDonald
Aug 1, 1979·General and Comparative Endocrinology·C SerniaI R McDonald
Aug 1, 1976·The Journal of Endocrinology·A J BradleyA K Lee
Sep 1, 1986·The Journal of Endocrinology·I K Martin, I R McDonald
Sep 1, 1988·The Journal of Endocrinology·I R McDonaldB Evans
Jul 1, 1987·General and Comparative Endocrinology·A J Bradley
Sep 1, 1970·The Journal of Endocrinology·M Weiss, P G Richards
Aug 2, 1994·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·F J Janzen
Aug 11, 2000·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·A CreeJ M Whittier
May 4, 2002·Science·Gerardo Ceballos, Paul R Ehrlich
Mar 5, 2003·Hormones and Behavior·Bruce S McEwen, John C Wingfield
Jan 15, 2004·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Susan M Jones, Karyn Bell
Jan 31, 2004·The European Journal of Neuroscience·Vivi M HeinePaul J Lucassen
Aug 18, 2004·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·S McKenzieL Burnett
Sep 15, 2004·General and Comparative Endocrinology·Joshua J Millspaugh, Brian E Washburn
May 26, 2005·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Victoria A CartledgeSusan M Jones
Apr 4, 2006·General and Comparative Endocrinology·Claudia MüllerLukas Jenni
Apr 20, 2006·Theriogenology·Janine L Brown
Sep 19, 2006·General and Comparative Endocrinology·Victoria A Cartledge, Susan M Jones
Sep 20, 2006·Progress in Neurobiology·Norman PecoraroSusan F Akana
Aug 13, 2008·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·David B Wake, Vance T Vredenburg
May 21, 2009·Nature Reviews. Neuroscience·Adriana FederDennis S Charney
May 22, 2009·Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences·Robert John Denver
Sep 30, 2009·Hormones and Behavior·Bruce S McEwen, John C Wingfield
Jan 7, 2010·General and Comparative Endocrinology·Michael J SheriffRudy Boonstra
Feb 13, 2010·Annual Review of Physiology·Charna DibnerUrs Albrecht
May 12, 2010·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Vance T VredenburgCheryl J Briggs
Feb 24, 2011·Oecologia·Michael J SheriffRudy Boonstra
Jun 15, 2011·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Keisuke ItonagaSusan M Jones
Mar 6, 2012·Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology·Christina KindermannJean-Marc Hero

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Jul 16, 2016·General and Comparative Endocrinology·Koa WebsterNicholas de Vos
Dec 13, 2019·Ecological Applications : a Publication of the Ecological Society of America·Elizabeth A BruntonScott E Burnett
Nov 19, 2017·Transboundary and Emerging Diseases·J M OldJ Wolfenden
Jan 23, 2020·Animals : an Open Access Journal From MDPI·Domenico VentrellaMaria Laura Bacci
Jan 8, 2021·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part A, Ecological and Integrative Physiology·Meghan CastelliClare E Holleley

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.