Nov 7, 2000

Evaluation of the free ion activity model of metal-organism interaction: extension of the conceptual model

Aquatic Toxicology
P L Brown, Scott J Markich


The present study integrates the concepts of the free ion activity model (FIAM) into biological receptor theory (BRT; i.e. pharmacodynamic principles) to obtain a more rigorous conceptual model; one that more precisely quantifies the interaction of chemical species at biological receptor sites. The developed model, which is viewed as an extended FIAM, explains the conditions under which the FIAM will be effective in explaining biological response (BR). It establishes that BR is directly proportional to the activity of the free metal ion in the linear regions of concentration-response curves only. Additionally, it indicates that [X-cell], the activity of free surface sites on the cell membrane, does not need to be constant in the region of BR, as assumed by the original FIAM. The extended FIAM was tested by re-examining concentration-response data from the literature on aquatic organisms exposed to several ecotoxicologically-relevant trace metals. These data, which would be considered exceptions to the original FIAM, were found to be consistent with the extended FIAM. Due to its more rigorous conceptual basis, the extended FIAM is capable of modelling concentration-response experiments from a wider range of water chemistry condi...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Aquatic Organisms
Organic Chemicals
Hormone Receptors, Cell Surface
Trace metal

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