Jun 28, 2001

Evidence for a non-phosphorylated route of galactose breakdown in cell-free extracts of Aspergillus niger

Enzyme and Microbial Technology
A M. Elshafei, O M. Abdel-Fatah


Aspergillus niger could utilize D-galactose as sole source of carbon. Cell-free extracts of D-galactose-grown mycelia were able to catalyze the oxidation of D-galactose to D-galactonic acid-gamma-lactone (GalA-gamma-lact) in the presence of NAD, followed by the appearance of 2-keto-3-deoxy-D-galactonate (KDGal), pyruvate and glyceraldehyde. From 10 &mgr;moles only 6.6 &mgr;moles of GalA-gamma-lact were disappeared after 60 min of reaction indicating the presence of GalA-gamma-lactonase. Identification of GalA-gamma-lact was achieved by ascending paper chromatography. KDGal, pyruvate and glyceraldehyde were also chromatographically identified in the reaction mixture containing D-galactonate which suggests that D-galactonate is degraded into pyruvate and glyceraldehyde via the intermediate formation of KDGal. Such reactions are supposed to be catalyzed by an inducible D-galactonate dehydratase and a constitutive KDGal aldolase. The amount of KDGal, pyruvate and glyceraldehyde were found to be almost equivalent and the equilibrium of the reaction being toward the formation of KDGal. The apparent equilibrium constant (K(eq)) was calculated and found to be 0.5 x 10(-3) M. Results also proved the reversibility of the reaction catalyz...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Amblystomus niger
Biochemical Pathway
Aphodius niger
Aspergillus Niger Infection
Galactose Catabolic Process
Pyruvate Measurement
Anterastes niger
Chromatography, Qualitative; Paper,2-dimensional, Analyte Not Elsewhere Specified

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