DOI: 10.1101/258384Feb 1, 2018Paper

Evidence for genetic correlations and bidirectional, causal effects between smoking and sleep behaviours

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Mark GibsonJorien Treur

Abstract

Introduction: Cigarette smokers are at increased risk of poor sleep behaviours. However, it is largely unknown whether these associations are due to shared (genetic) risk factors and/or causal effects (which may be bi-directional). Methods: We obtained summary-level data of genome-wide association studies of smoking (smoking initiation (n=74,035), cigarettes per day (n=38,181) and smoking cessation (n=41,278)) and sleep behaviours (sleep duration and chronotype, or morningness) (n=128,266) and insomnia (n=113,006)). Using LD score regression, we calculated genetic correlations between smoking and sleep behaviours. To investigate causal effects, we employed Mendelian randomization (MR), both with summary-level data and individual level data (n=333,581 UK Biobank participants). For MR with summary-level data, individual genetic variants were combined with inverse-variance weighted meta-analysis, weighted median regression and MR Egger regression methods. Results: We found positive genetic correlations between insomnia and smoking initiation (rg=0.27, 95% CI 0.06 to 0.49) and insomnia and cigarettes per day (rg=0.15, 0.01 to 0.28), and negative genetic correlations between sleep duration and smoking initiation (rg=-0.14, -0.26 to ...Continue Reading

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