Evidence for independent metabolism and cell surface localization of cell surface localization of cellular proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycan free chains

Journal of Cellular Physiology
M PiepkornA Linker


The synthesis and turnover of metabolically labeled proteoglycans from medium, cell layer, and substratum-associated compartments were characterized in four cell lines of fibroblastic origin, including a fibrosarcoma line, and in the murine melanoma cell type, B16.F10. Substantial differences were apparent between the various cell types with regard to quantities, hydrodynamic sizes, and compartmentalization of labeled product. Such variations were greater between the different cell lines than between separately labeled cultures of the same cell type. Greater than 85% of cell-associated proteoglycans were accessible to glycosaminoglycan-degrading enzymes added to the medium of monolayer cultures, demonstrating their principal location to be external to the cell membrane. Apparent glycosaminoglycan free chains, determined by a lack of change in hydrodynamic size following alkaline elimination, were among the products from each cell line and were similarly found to be in a principally pericellular location. Results from label-chase studies demonstrated apparent independent kinetics for proteoglycans and glycosaminoglycan free chains, with little conclusive evidence for precursor-product relationships. Also, their processing by the...Continue Reading


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