Aug 24, 1976

Evidence for more than one Ca2+ transport mechanism in mitochondria

Biochemistry
J S PuskinP R Russell

Abstract

The active transport and internal binding of the Ca2+ analogue Mn2+ by rat liver mitochondria were monitored with electron paramagnetic resonance. The binding of transported Mn2+ depended strongly on internal pH over the range 7.7-8.9. Gradients of free Mn2+ were compared with K+ gradients measured on valinomycin-treated samples. In the steady state, the electrochemical Mn2+ activity was larger outside than inside the mitochondria. The observed gradients of free Mn2+ and of H+ could not be explained by a single "passive" uniport or antiport mechanism of divalent cation transport. This conclusion was further substantiated by observed changes in steady-state Ca2+ and Mn2+ distributions induced by La3+ and ruthenium red. Ruthenium red reduced total Ca2+ or Mn2+ uptake, and both inhibitors caused release of divalent cation from preloaded mitochondria. A model is proposed in which divalent cations are transported by at least two mechanisms: (1) a passive uniport and (2) and active pump, cation antiport or anion symport. The former is more sensitive to La3+ and ruthenium red. Under energized steady-state conditions, the net flux of Ca2+ or Mn2+ is inward over (1) and outward over (2). The need for more than one transport system inreg...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Manganese
Calcium
Valinomycin
Resting Potentials
Potassium
Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone
Mitochondria, Liver
Egtazic Acid Sodium Salt
Lanthanum
Egtazic Acid Potassium Salt

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