PMID: 2763414May 1, 1989Paper

Evidence that blood-borne infection is involved in the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis

Veterinary Pathology
L H ThomasN Chanter


Five calves were inoculated intravenously with 10(8) colony forming units (cfu) of Pasteurella haemolytica A1; the mean score for pneumonic consolidation 3 days post-inoculation was 28%, and the mean clinical score was 7.8. Five calves inoculated intratracheally with 10(9) cfu of the same strain of P. haemolytica had comparable scores (34% and 8.8). Histological lesions of fibrinous pneumonia were similar in all calves. P. haemolytica was recovered from all but one of the affected lungs. From one calf killed in extremis 3 hours after intravenous inoculation, numbers of bacteria recovered from lung were 1,000-fold greater than from liver and spleen. A similar difference in bacterial numbers was also obtained from a gnotobiotic calf killed in extremis, 12 hours after intravenous inoculation of 10(8) cfu P. haemolytica. Evidence from these experiments supports the hypothesis that the blood-borne route is important in the pathogenesis of bovine pneumonic pasteurellosis.


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