Feb 21, 2009

Evolution and biogeography of Centaurea section Acrocentron inferred from nuclear and plastid DNA sequence analyses

Annals of Botany
Mònica FontAlfonso Susanna

Abstract

Section Acrocentron of the genus Centaurea is one of the largest sections of Centaurea with approx. 100 species. The geographic distribution, centred in the Mediterranean, makes it an excellent example for studies of the biogeographic history of this biodiversity-rich region. Plastid (trnH-psbA) and nuclear (ITS and ETS) DNA sequence analysis was used for phylogenetic reconstruction. Ancestral biogeographic patterns were inferred by dispersal-vicariance analysis (DIVA). The resulting phylogeny has implications for the sectional classification of Acrocentron and confirms merging sect. Chamaecyanus into Acrocentron as a subsection. Previous suggestions of an eastern Mediterranean origin of the group are confirmed. The main centres of diversification established in previous studies are now strongly supported. Expansion of the group in two different radiations that followed patently diverse paths is inferred. Radiation followed two waves, widely separated in time scale. The oldest one, from Turkey to Greece and the northern Balkans and then to North Africa and Iberia, should be dated at the end of the Miocene in the Messinian period. It reached the Iberian Peninsula from the south, following a route that is landmarked by several re...Continue Reading

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  • Citations7

References

Mentioned in this Paper

Biochemical Pathway
Plastids
GZMB wt Allele
Nucleic Acid Hybridization Procedure
Cell Nucleus
Leukoplasts
Human Geography
MT-TH gene
Centaurea
Sequence Analysis, DNA

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