Evolution and multiple origins of zona pellucida genes in vertebrates

Biology Open
Jin-Mei FengHan-Bing Xiao

Abstract

Animal egg coats are composed of different glycoproteins collectively named zona pellucida (ZP) proteins. The characterized vertebrate genes encoding ZP proteins have been classified into six subfamilies, and exhibit low similarity to the ZP genes characterized in certain invertebrates. The origin and evolution of the vertebrate ZP genes remain obscure. A search against 97 representative metazoan species revealed various numbers (ranging from three to 33) of different putative egg-coat ZP genes in all 47 vertebrates and several ZP genes in five invertebrate species, but no putative ZP gene was found in the other 45 species. Based on phylogenetic and synteny analyses, all vertebrate egg-coat ZP genes were classified into eight ZP gene subfamilies. Lineage- and species-specific gene duplications and gene losses occurred frequently and represented the main causes of the patchy distribution of the eight ZP gene subfamilies in vertebrates. Thorough phylogenetic analyses revealed that the vertebrate ZP genes could be traced to three independent origins but were not orthologues of the characterized invertebrate ZP genes. Our results suggested that vertebrate egg-coat ZP genes should be classified into eight subfamilies, and a putative...Continue Reading

References

Jan 27, 1999·Bioinformatics·S R Eddy
Feb 12, 2002·Nature Reviews. Genetics·Willie J Swanson, V D Vacquier
Jan 21, 2003·Biology of Reproduction·Scott C Spargo, Rory M Hope
Sep 13, 2003·Reproduction : the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility·S J Conner, D C Hughes
Mar 23, 2004·Nucleic Acids Research·Robert C Edgar
Jun 25, 2004·Nucleic Acids Research·Aron Marchler-Bauer, Stephen H Bryant
Mar 12, 2005·Human Reproduction·S J ConnerC L R Barratt
Jun 15, 2005·Annual Review of Biochemistry·Luca JovineP M Wassarman
Mar 28, 2006·Current Topics in Developmental Biology·Julian L Wong, Gary M Wessel
Sep 1, 2006·Seminars in Reproductive Medicine·Magnus MonnéLuca Jovine
Nov 7, 2006·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·Jan E AagaardWillie J Swanson
May 15, 2007·Developmental and Comparative Immunology·Ulrich KürnKonstantin Khalturin
Mar 28, 2008·Molecular Biology and Evolution·Si Quang Le, Olivier Gascuel
Jul 24, 2008·The International Journal of Developmental Biology·Jerry L Hedrick
Jun 10, 2009·Bioinformatics·Salvador Capella-GutiérrezToni Gabaldón
Mar 12, 2010·Genome Biology·David R Kelley, Steven L Salzberg
Mar 13, 2010·PloS One·Morgan N PriceAdam P Arkin
Jul 6, 2010·Trends in Cell Biology·Serge PlazaFrançois Payre
Nov 27, 2010·Nucleic Acids Research·Aron Marchler-BauerStephen H Bryant
Jun 19, 2012·Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics·Katrina G Claw, Willie J Swanson
Nov 30, 2012·Nucleic Acids Research·Alexandra LouisHugues Roest Crollius
May 4, 2013·Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution·Kaori SanoShigeki Yasumasu
Dec 5, 2014·PLoS Computational Biology·James F DentonMatthew W Hahn
Dec 24, 2014·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·Enrica Bianchi, Gavin J Wright
Jun 23, 2015·Molecular Ecology·Longfei ShuKatja Räsänen
Nov 13, 2015·Molecular Biology and Evolution·Michel VervoortPierre Kerner
Feb 9, 2017·Molecular Reproduction and Development·Damien B Wilburn, Willie J Swanson
Jul 7, 2017·Reproduction, Fertility, and Development·Carla Moros-NicolásM J Izquierdo-Rico
Jan 8, 2018·Fish Physiology and Biochemistry·Tianli WuDeshou Wang

Citations

Aug 1, 2020·PLoS Biology·Katherine L WozniakAnne E Carlson
Feb 5, 2021·Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology·Mª José Izquierdo-RicoM Avilés

Related Concepts

Egg Food Product
Biological Evolution
Gene Duplication
Genes
Glycoproteins
Invertebrates
Vertebrates
Zona Pellucida
Bone Structure of Spine
Analysis

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

The Tendon Seed Network

Tendons are rich in the extracellular matrix and are abundant throughout the body providing essential roles including structure and mobility. The transcriptome of tendons is being compiled to understand the micro-anatomical functioning of tendons. Discover the latest research pertaining to the Tendon Seed Network here.

Myocardial Stunning

Myocardial stunning is a mechanical dysfunction that persists after reperfusion of previously ischemic tissue in the absence of irreversible damage including myocardial necrosis. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Incretins

Incretins are metabolic hormones that stimulate a decrease in glucose levels in the blood and they have been implicated in glycemic regulation in the remission phase of type 1 diabetes. Here is the latest research.

Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks

The circadian clock plays an important role in regulating transcriptional dynamics through changes in chromatin folding and remodelling. Discover the latest research on Chromatin Regulation and Circadian Clocks here.

Long COVID-19

“Long Covid-19” describes illness in patients who are reporting long-lasting effects of the SARS-CoV-19 infection, often long after they have recovered from acute Covid-19. Ongoing health issues often reported include low exercise tolerance and breathing difficulties, chronic tiredness, and mental health problems such as post-traumatic stress disorder and depression. This feed follows the latest research into Long Covid.

Spatio-Temporal Regulation of DNA Repair

DNA repair is a complex process regulated by several different classes of enzymes, including ligases, endonucleases, and polymerases. This feed focuses on the spatial and temporal regulation that accompanies DNA damage signaling and repair enzymes and processes.

Related Papers

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Hiroki Okumura
Current Topics in Developmental Biology
Emily E Killingbeck, Willie J Swanson
Annual Review of Biochemistry
P M Wassarman
Molecular Immunology
Masaru Nonaka, Fumiko Yoshizaki
© 2021 Meta ULC. All rights reserved