Jul 30, 2015

Evolution of color phenotypes in two distantly related species of stick insect: different ecological regimes acting on similar genetic architectures

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Aaron ComeaultPatrik Nosil

Abstract

Recurrent (e.g. parallel or convergent) evolution is widely cited as evidence for natural selection’s central role in evolution but can also highlight constraints affecting evolution. Here we describe the evolution of green and melanistic color phenotypes in two species of stick insect: Timema podura and T. cristinae. We show that similar color phenotypes of these species (1) cluster in phenotypic space and (2) confer crypsis on different plant microhabitats. We then use genome-wide association mapping to determine the genetic architecture of color in T. podura, and compare this to previous results in T. cristinae. In both species, color is under simple genetic control, dominance relationships of melanistic and green alleles are the same, and SNPs associated with color phenotypes colocalize to the same genomic region. These results differ from those of ‘typical’ parallel phenotypes because the form of selection acting on color differs between species: a balance of multiple sources of selection acting within host species maintains the color polymorphism in T. cristinae whereas T. podura color phenotypes are under divergent selection between hosts. Our results highlight how different adaptive landscapes can result in the evolutio...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Gene Polymorphism
Genome
Trachylepis cristinae
Anatomical Space Structure
Timema podura
Genomics
Species
Podura
Alleles
Insect Extract

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