Apr 20, 2020

Targeting subtype-specific metabolic preferences in nucleotide biosynthesis inhibits mouse mammary tumor growth

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
M. P. OgrodzinskiSophia Lunt

Abstract

Investigating metabolic rewiring in cancer can lead to the discovery of new treatment strategies for breast cancer subtypes that currently lack targeted therapies. Using MMTV-Myc driven tumors to model breast cancer heterogeneity, we investigated metabolic differences between two histological subtypes, the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and the papillary subtypes, using a combination of genomic and metabolomic techniques. We identified differences in nucleotide metabolism between EMT and papillary subtypes: EMT tumors preferentially use the nucleotide salvage pathway, while papillary tumors prefer de novo nucleotide biosynthesis. Using CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing and mass spectrometry-based methods, we determined that targeting the preferred pathway in each subtype resulted in greater metabolic impact than targeting the non-preferred pathway. We further show that knocking out the preferred nucleotide pathway in each subtype has a deleterious effect on in vivo tumor growth. In contrast, knocking out the non-preferred pathway has a lesser effect or results in increased tumor growth.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Study
Patterns
Genome
Extravasation
Sample Fixation
Genetic Inheritance
Genomics
Mitochondria
Cell Fusion
Cytoplasmic

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