DOI: 10.1101/486944Dec 4, 2018Paper

Evolution of pathogenic and nonpathogenic yeasts mitochondrial genomes inferred by supertrees and supermatrices with divergence estimates based on relaxed molecular clocks

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Luciano R LopesMarcelo RS Briones

Abstract

The evolution of mitochondrial genomes is essential for the adaptation of yeasts to the variation of environmental levels of oxygen. Although Saccharomyces cerevisiae mitochondrial DNA lacks all complex I genes, respiration is possible because alternative NADH dehydrogenases are encoded by NDE1 and NDI1 nuclear genes. The proposed whole genome duplication (WGD) in the yeast ancestor at 150-100 million years ago caused nuclear gene duplications and secondary losses, although its relation to the loss of complex I mitocondrial is unknown. Here we present phylogenomic supertrees and supermatrix tree of 46 mitochondrial genomes showing that the loss of complex I predates WGD and occurred independently in the S. cerevisiae group and the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. We also show that the branching patterns do not differ dramatically in supertrees and supermatrix phylogenies. Our inferences indicated consistent relations between conserved mitochondrial chromosomal gene order (synteny) in closely related yeasts. Correlation of mitochondrial molecular clock estimates and atmospheric oxygen variation in the Phanerozoic suggests that the Saccharomyces lineage might have lost the complex I during hypoxic periods near Perminian-T...Continue Reading

Related Concepts

DNA
Environment
Fermentation
Gene Duplication
Genes
Metabolism
Mitochondria
Cytochrome c Reductase
Oxygen
Respiration

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