Sep 1, 1977

Evolution of regional ischemia distal to a proximal coronary stenosis: self-propagation of ischemia

The American Journal of Cardiology
R A GuytonL L Michaelis

Abstract

The temporal evolution of myocardial ischemia was studied in open chest dogs at constant preload, afterload and heart rate. In one group of animals, a variable circumflex arterial stenosis was used to maintain constant distal circumflex arterial hypotension (40 to 50 mm Hg). During a 3 hour period of stenosis, flow in the subendocardial fourth of the ischemic ventricular wall decreased from 0.22 to 0.09 ml/g per min (P less than 0.02), whereas subepicardial flow was not significantly changed. Local vascular resistance, therefore, doubled in the most ischemic area of myocardium. In a second group of animals in which proximal coronary stenosis was held constant and pressure varied, an ischemia-mediated increase in local vascular resistance was also demonstrated. In addition, a reciprocal relation was observed between changes in flow in the left anterior descending coronary region and changes in collateral flow to the region of the circumflex artery. A coronary steal mechanism and an ischemia-mediated resistance increase may be two means by which ischemia is self-propagating.

Mentioned in this Paper

Coronary Circulation
Ischemia
Vascular Resistance
Diastolic Blood Pressure
Structure of Parietal Pericardium
Myocardium
Myocardial Stunning
Myocardial Ischemia
Collateral Branch of Vessel
Right Atrial Structure

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