Evolutionary patterns from mass originations and mass extinctions

Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
D HewzullaJ M Halley

Abstract

The Fossil Record 2 database gives a stratigraphic range of most known animal and plant families. We have used it to plot the number of families extant through time and argue for an exponential fit, rather than a logistic one, on the basis of power spectra of the residuals from the exponential. The times of origins and extinctions, when plotted for all families of marine and terrestrial organisms over the last 600 Myr, reveal different origination and extinction peaks. This suggests that patterns of biological evolution are driven by its own internal dynamics as well as responding to upsets from external causes. Spectral analysis shows that the residuals from the exponential model of the marine system are more consistent with 1/f noise suggesting that self-organized criticality phenomena may be involved.

References

Jul 1, 1988·Physical Review A: General Physics·P BakK Wiesenfeld
Sep 22, 1972·Science·D M Raup
Jan 1, 1996·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·J M Halley
Dec 1, 1997·Trends in Ecology & Evolution·M J Benton
May 1, 1982·Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution·Sewall Wright

Citations

Nov 21, 2000·BioEssays : News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology·M A Wills, R A Fortey
Sep 6, 2000·Proceedings. Biological Sciences·J W Kirchner, A Weil
May 10, 2001·Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America·D H Erwin
Dec 23, 1999·Theoretical Population Biology·J M Halley, W E Kunin
Jun 21, 2014·Physical Review Letters·Frank StollmeierJan Nagler

Related Concepts

Biological Evolution
Fossils
Marine Hydrobiology
Fractals
Habitat

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