DNA damage independent inhibition of NF-κB transcription by anthracyclines

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
A. ChoraL. F. Moita


Transcriptional programs leading to induction of a large number of genes can be rapidly initiated by the activation of only few selected transcription factors. Upon stimulation of macrophages with microbial-associated molecular patterns (MAMPs), the activation of the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-{kappa}B) family of transcription factors triggers inflammatory responses that, left uncontrolled, can lead to excessive inflammation with life-threatening consequences for the host. Here we identify and characterize a novel effect of Anthracyclines, a class of drugs currently used as potent anticancer drugs, in the regulation of NF-{kappa}B transcriptional activity in BMDMs, in addition to the previously reported DNA damage and histone eviction. Anthracyclines, including Doxorubicin, Daunorubicin and Epirubicin, disturb the complexes formed between the NF-{kappa}B subunit RelA and its DNA binding sites, to limit NF-{kappa}B-dependent gene transcription during inflammatory responses, including of pivotal pro-inflammatory mediators such as TNF. We observed that suppression of inflammation can also be mediated by Aclarubicin, Doxorubicinone and the newly developed Dimethyl-doxorubicin, which share anticancer properties with the other Anthra...Continue Reading

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