Excision of hydrocarbon-DNA adducts and consequent cell survival in normal and repair defective human cells

Chemico-biological Interactions
B A McCawJ J Roberts


Survival curves for normal human cells and xeroderma pigmentosum variant cells (XP4BE) after ultraviolet radiation were indistinguishable. In comparison, cells from xeroderma pigmentosum complementation group A (XP12BE) were very sensitive to ultraviolet radiation. Complementation group C (XP2BE) cells were almost as sensitive as group A cells. These survival phenomena parallel to known unscheduled DNA synthesis responses of these cells to ultraviolet radiation, which, compared with normal cells, are: XP4BE, 100%; XP2BE, 20%; XP12BE, 2%. The relative capacities of these cells to excise 7-bromomethylbenz[a]anthracene-DNA adducts and to survive treatment with the carcinogen were similar to the responses to ultraviolet irradiation, except that the XP2BE cell line both excised and survived this damage far better than anticipated from its response to ultraviolet irradiation. Moreover, whilst in the normal cells and variant cells the ratio of hydrocarbon-adenine adduct to hydrocarbon-guanine adduct remaining in DNA decreased notably with excision, this ratio did not change significantly with excision in the XP2BE cell line. The relationship between greater excision capacity and increased cell survival in the experiments with the chem...Continue Reading


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