Sep 5, 2015

Exercise Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease in Breast Cancer Survivors

Journal of Oncology
Amy A Kirkham, Margot K Davis

Abstract

Thanks to increasingly effective treatment, breast cancer mortality rates have significantly declined over the past few decades. Following the increase in life expectancy of women diagnosed with breast cancer, it has been recognized that these women are at an elevated risk for cardiovascular disease due in part to the cardiotoxic side effects of treatment. This paper reviews evidence for the role of exercise in prevention of cardiovascular toxicity associated with chemotherapy used in breast cancer, and in modifying cardiovascular risk factors in breast cancer survivors. There is growing evidence indicating that the primary mechanism for this protective effect appears to be improved antioxidant capacity in the heart and vasculature and subsequent reduction of treatment-related oxidative stress in these structures. Further clinical research is needed to determine whether exercise is a feasible and effective nonpharmacological treatment to reduce cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in breast cancer survivors, to identify the cancer therapies for which it is effective, and to determine the optimal exercise dose. Safe and noninvasive measures that are sensitive to changes in cardiovascular function are required to answer these q...Continue Reading

  • References146
  • Citations15

References

  • References146
  • Citations15

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Antioxidants
Cardiovascular System Function
Oxidative Stress
Oxidative Stress Analysis
Cardiovascular Diseases
Noninvasive
Administration of Antineoplastic Agent
Cancer Treatment
Structure
Heart

Related Feeds

Cardiotoxicity

Cardiotoxicity refers to the muscle damage or dysfunction of heart electrophysiology caused by drug intake or due to disease complications. It is a well-known side effect of several cytotoxic drugs, especially of the anthracyclines and can lead to long term morbidity. Here is the latest research.

Breast Cancer: Therapeutic Approaches

Several different therapeutic approaches are used to treat breast cancer. These include chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, targeted therapy, and Immunotherapy. Discover the latest research on breast cancer therapeutic approaches here.

Cardiovascular Disease Pathophysiology

Cardiovascular disease involves several different processes that contribute to the pathological mechanism, including hyperglycemia, inflammation, atherosclerosis, hypertension and more. Vasculature stability plays a critical role in the development of the disease. Discover the latest research on cardiovascular disease pathophysiology here.