Exercise Testing of Adolescents and Young Adults With Sickle Cell Disease: Perceptual Responses and the Gas Exchange Threshold

Journal of Pediatric Oncology Nursing : Official Journal of the Association of Pediatric Oncology Nurses
Suzanne AmeringerEdmund O Acevedo

Abstract

For individuals with sickle cell disease (SCD), mild to moderate exercise is advised, but self-regulation of these intensities is difficult. To regulate intensity, one SCD recommendation is to stop exercising at the first perception of fatigue. However, perceived effort and affect (how one feels) are perceptual cues that are commonly used to guide exercise intensity. This study (a) examined perceived effort, affect, and fatigue in relation to metabolic state (gas exchange) in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with SCD, (b) explored guidelines AYAs use to self-regulate exercise, and (c) compared perceived effort and affect at gas exchange threshold (GET) with healthy counterparts. Twenty-two AYAs with SCD completed an incremental cycle test. Perceived effort, affect, and fatigue were assessed every 2 minutes. A mixed-effects linear model was conducted to model changes in effort, affect, and fatigue across time. Mean scores of effort and affect at GET were compared with published data of healthy counterparts. Participants were queried about self-regulation exercise strategies. Findings indicated that both perceived fatigue and effort at GET was lower than expected. Perceived effort was lower (p < .0001), and perceived affect wa...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Anemia, Sickle Cell
Exertion
Laboratory Procedures
Learning
Metabolism
Perception
Pulmonary Gas Exchange
Vision
Molecular exchanger
Biological Regulation

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