May 17, 1976

Exo-beta-N-acetylmuramidase--a novel hexosaminidase. Production by Bacillus subtilis B, purification and characterization

European Journal of Biochemistry
L A Del Rio, R C Berkeley

Abstract

Exo-beta-N-acetylmuramidase, or beta-2-acetamido-3-O-(D-1-carboxyethyl)-2-deoxy-D-glucoside acetamidodeoxyglucohydrolase, is produced by Bacillus subtilis B, growing in a succinate/peptone/salts medium, at the end of exponential growth and occurs partly in the medium and partly bound to the cells. A lysozyme digest of Micrococcus lysodeikticus cell walls, O-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 leads to 4)-2-acetamido-3-O-(D-1-carboxyethyl)-2-deoxy-D-glucose and O-[2-acetamide-3-O-(D-1-carboxyethyl)-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl]-(1 leads to 4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose in decreasing order of efficiency, induce the enzyme but O-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-beta-D-glucopyranosyl-(1 leads to 4)-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-D-glucose does not do so. The enzyme was purified from the growth medium, after removal of the cells by continuous centrifugation, by ammonium sulphate precipitation, continuous filtration through XM-300 membranes (to remove the high-molecular-weight material which renders the enzyme sedimentable in low-ionic-strength solutions), diafiltration through PM-30 membranes and ion-exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sephadex and CM-Sephadex. Two peaks of activity were obtained. Peak A was purified 1800-fold and was homogenous o...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Micrococcus luteus
beta-D-glucopyranose
Tissue Membrane
Filtration
Lysozyme Test
Succinates
Glucosides
Centrifugation
Succinate
Lysozyme

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