Nov 4, 2008

Experimental muscle pain impairs descending inhibition

Pain
Lars Arendt-NielsenHong Ling Nie

Abstract

In chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions, the balance between supraspinal facilitation and inhibition of pain shifts towards an overall decrease in inhibition. Application of a tonic painful stimulus results in activation of diffuse noxious inhibitory controls (DNIC). The aims of the present experimental human study were (1) to compare DNIC, evoked separately, by hypertonic saline (6%)-induced muscle pain (tibialis anterior) or cold pressor pain; (2) to investigate DNIC evoked by concomitant experimental muscle pain and cold pressor pain, and (3) to analyze for gender differences. Ten males and 10 age matched females participated in two sessions. In the first session unilateral muscle pain or unilateral cold pressor pain were induced separately; in the second session unilateral muscle pain and unilateral cold pressor pain were induced concomitantly. Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were measured around the knee joint before, during, and after DNIC induction. Cold pressor pain increased PPT in both males and females with greater increases in males. Hypertonic saline-evoked muscle pain significantly increased PPT in males but not in females. When cold pressor and muscle pain were applied concomitantly the PPT increases were small...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuro-Oncological Ventral Antigen 2
Biochemical Pathway
Entire Brainstem
Visual Analog Pain Scale
Degenerative Polyarthritis
Structure of Posterior Gray Horn of Spinal Cord
Cold Temperature
Neural Inhibition
Neurons
Myalgia

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