DOI: 15, 2021Proceedings Paper

Experimental Study of the Endwall Heat Transfer of a Transonic Nozzle Guide Vane With Upstream Jet Purge Cooling: Part 1 — Effect of Density Ratio

Stephen LashShuo Mao


Nozzle guide vane platforms often employ complex cooling schemes to mitigate ever-increasing thermal loads on endwall. Understanding the impact of advanced cooling schemes amid the highly complex three-dimensional secondary flow is vital to engine efficiency and durability. This study analyzes and describes the effect of coolant to mainstream blowing ratio, momentum ratio and density ratio for a typical axisymmetric converging nozzle guide vane platform with an upstream doublet staggered, steep-injection, cylindrical hole jet purge cooling scheme. Nominal flow conditions were engine representative and as follows: Maexit = 0.85, Reexit/Cax = 1.5 × 106 and an inlet large-scale freestream turbulence intensity of 16%. Two blowing ratios were investigated, each corresponding to upper and lower engine extrema at M = 3.5 and 2.5, respectively. For each blowing ratio, the coolant to mainstream density ratio was varied between DR = 1.2, representing typical experimental neglect of coolant density, and DR = 1.95, representative of typical engine conditions.

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