Expert consensus document: Advances in the diagnosis and classification of gastric and intestinal motility disorders
Disturbances of gastric, intestinal and colonic motor and sensory functions affect a large proportion of the population worldwide, impair quality of life and cause considerable health-care costs. Assessment of gastrointestinal motility in these patients can serve to establish diagnosis and to guide therapy. Major advances in diagnostic techniques during the past 5-10 years have led to this update about indications for and selection and performance of currently available tests. As symptoms have poor concordance with gastrointestinal motor dysfunction, clinical motility testing is indicated in patients in whom there is no evidence of causative mucosal or structural diseases such as inflammatory or malignant disease. Transit tests using radiopaque markers, scintigraphy, breath tests and wireless motility capsules are noninvasive. Other tests of gastrointestinal contractility or sensation usually require intubation, typically represent second-line investigations limited to patients with severe symptoms and are performed at only specialized centres. This Consensus Statement details recommended tests as well as useful clinical alternatives for investigation of gastric, small bowel and colonic motility. The article provides recommenda...Continue Reading
Stasis syndromes following gastric surgery: clinical and motility features of 60 symptomatic patients
The [13C]acetate breath test accurately reflects gastric emptying of liquids in both liquid and semisolid test meals
Effects of epidural morphine and epidural bupivacaine on gastroduodenal motility during the fasted state and after food intake
Measurement of gastric emptying rate of solids by means of a carbon-labeled octanoic acid breath test
Comparison of scintigraphy and lactulose breath hydrogen test for assessment of orocecal transit: lactulose accelerates small bowel transit
Colonic motility in man: features in normal subjects and in patients with chronic idiopathic constipation
Prospective study of the effect of laparoscopic hemifundoplication on motor and sensory function of the proximal stomach
Discriminating pediatric condition falsification from chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction in toddlers
SPECT imaging of the stomach: comparison with barostat, and effects of sex, age, body mass index, and fundoplication. Single photon emission computed tomography
Full-thickness biopsy of the jejunum reveals inflammation and enteric neuropathy in irritable bowel syndrome
Electrogastrography: a document prepared by the gastric section of the American Motility Society Clinical GI Motility Testing Task Force
Oxidative breakdown of octanoic acid is maintained in patients with cirrhosis despite advanced disease
Outcome of colectomy for slow-transit constipation in relation to presence of small-bowel dysmotility
Real time high resolution magnetic resonance imaging for the assessment of gastric motility disorders
Investigation of the utility of colorectal function tests and Rome II criteria in dyssynergic defecation (Anismus)
Biofeedback is superior to laxatives for normal transit constipation due to pelvic floor dyssynergia
Gastrointestinal transit abnormalities are frequently detected in patients with unexplained GI symptoms at a tertiary centre
Consensus recommendations for gastric emptying scintigraphy: a joint report of the American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society and the Society of Nuclear Medicine
Gastric emptying of a non-digestible solid: assessment with simultaneous SmartPill pH and pressure capsule, antroduodenal manometry, gastric emptying scintigraphy
A stable isotope breath test with a standard meal for abnormal gastric emptying of solids in the clinic and in research.
American Neurogastroenterology and Motility Society consensus statement on intraluminal measurement of gastrointestinal and colonic motility in clinical practice
Morphological changes of the enteric nervous system, interstitial cells of cajal, and smooth muscle in children with colonic motility disorders
The incidence, prevalence, and outcomes of patients with gastroparesis in Olmsted County, Minnesota, from 1996 to 2006.
The effect of gastric secretion on gastric physiology and emptying in the fasted and fed state assessed by magnetic resonance imaging
Long-term outcome of chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction adult patients requiring home parenteral nutrition
Investigation of colonic and whole-gut transit with wireless motility capsule and radiopaque markers in constipation
Colonic transit studies: normal values for adults and children with comparison of radiological and scintigraphic methods.
Effects of postgastric 13C-acetate processing on measurement of gastric emptying: a systematic investigation in health
Polypeptidic Micelles Stabilized with Sodium Alginate Enhance the Activity of Encapsulated Bedaquiline
Normative values for region-specific colonic and gastrointestinal transit times in 111 healthy volunteers using the 3D-Transit electromagnet tracking system: Influence of age, gender, and body mass index.
Ameliorating effects of sacral neuromodulation on gastric and small intestinal dysmotility mediated via a sacral afferent-vagal efferent pathway.
Volumetric analysis of small bowel motility in an unselected cohort of patients with Crohn's disease.
Gastric motor and sensory function in health assessed by magnetic resonance imaging: Establishment of reference intervals for the Nottingham test meal in healthy subjects
Imaging Measurement of Whole Gut Transit Time in Paediatric and Adult Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders: A Systematic Review and Narrative Synthesis.
A survey on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on motility and functional investigations in Europe and considerations for recommencing activities in the early recovery phase
Proceedings of the 2018 Advances In Motility and In NeuroGastroenterology: AIMING for the Future Single Topic Symposium.
Development of a quantitative method for evaluating small intestinal motility using ultrasonography in mice
Heterogeneity in the Definition and Clinical Characteristics of Dumping Syndrome: a Review of the Literature
Gut epithelial and vascular barrier abnormalities in patients with chronic intestinal pseudo-obstruction
Small Bowel Dysmotility, Pseudoobstruction, and Functional Correlation with Histopathology: Lessons Learned
European Society for Neurogastroenterology and Motility recommendations for conducting gastrointestinal motility and function testing in the recovery phase of the COVID-19 pandemic
3D analysis of the myenteric plexus of the human bowel by X-ray phase-contrast tomography - a future method?
Motility index measured by magnetic resonance enterography is associated with sex and mural thickness.
Esophageal High-Resolution Manometry for Diagnosing the Severity of the Chronic Intestinal Pseudo-Obstruction: A Case Series.
YH12852, a Potent and Selective Receptor Agonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine, Increased Gastrointestinal Motility in Healthy Volunteers and Patients With Functional Constipation.
Body surface mapping of the stomach: New directions for clinically evaluating gastric electrical activity.
Diabetic gastroparesis: An overview of pathogenesis, clinical presentation and novel therapies, with a focus on ghrelin receptor agonists.
Trifostigmanoside I, an Active Compound from Sweet Potato, Restores the Activity of MUC2 and Protects the Tight Junctions through PKCα/β to Maintain Intestinal Barrier Function.
Study protocol for a multicentre, randomised, parallel group, sham-controlled clinical trial investigating the effect of transcutaneous vagal nerve stimulation on gastrointestinal symptoms in people with diabetes complicated with diabetic autonomic neuropathy: the DAN-VNS Study.
High-fat Diet Enhances Gastric Contractility, but Abolishes Nesfatin-1-induced Inhibition of Gastric Emptying.
Complete resection of the gastric antrum decreased incidence and severity of delayed gastric emptying after pancreaticoduodenectomy.
Atrophic Gastritis is a process where gastric glandular cells are lost and replaced with firbous tissues, as a result of chronic inflammation. Learn more about Atrophic Gastritis here.