Oct 1, 1985

Expired PCO2 as a prognostic indicator of successful resuscitation from cardiac arrest

Annals of Emergency Medicine
A SandersK B Kern

Abstract

We performed a study to determine if the measurement of expired PCO2 during CPR for cardiac arrest could be used as a prognostic indicator of successful resuscitation. Twelve mongrel dogs were fibrillated electrically, and external chest massage and assisted ventilation were applied for 15 minutes. Expired PCO2 and aortic and right atrial pressures were monitored each minute of arrest. Coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) was calculated by subtracting the right atrial from the aortic diastolic pressure. Half the dogs received high-force chest compression (80 lb) and half received low-force chest compression (40 lb). The six dogs that received high-force compression were resuscitated successfully. The expired PCO2 was significantly higher in the successfully resuscitated dogs (expired PCO2 = 9.6 +/- 3.2 mm Hg) when compared to those dogs that died (expired PCO2 = 3.2 +/- 1.1 mm Hg, P less than .01). Expired PCO2 was highly correlated (r = 0.91, P less than .01) with the CPPs. The measurement of expired PCO2 during attempted CPR may be useful as a noninvasive indicator of CPP and adequate technique. Further studies on the use of this technique as an assessment criterion are warranted.

  • References4
  • Citations68

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Breathalyzer Tests
Mixed breed dog
Fibrillation
Anterior Thoracic Region
Aorta
Chest
Heart
Ventilation, Function (Observable Entity)
Respiration
Mechanical Ventilation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.