Apr 14, 2020

Tissue tropisms of avian influenza A viruses affect their spillovers from wild birds to pigs

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
X. ZhangXiu-Feng Wan

Abstract

Wild aquatic birds maintain a large genetically diverse pool of influenza A viruses (IAVs), which can be transmitted to lower mammals and ultimately humans. Through phenotypic analyses, only a small set of avian IAVs replicated well in the epithelial cells of swine upper respiratory tracts, and these viruses were shown to infect and cause virus shedding in pigs. Such a phenotypic trait appears to emerge randomly and are distributed among IAVs across multiple avian species, geographic and temporal orders, and is determined not by receptor binding preference but other markers across genomic segments, such as those in the ribonucleoprotein complex. This study demonstrates that phenotypic variants exist among avian IAVs, only a few of which may result in viral shedding in pigs upon infection, providing opportunities for these viruses to become pig adapted, thus posing a higher potential risk for creating novel variants or detrimental reassortants within pig populations.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Spatial Distribution
Bactericidal Activity
Public Entity
Microbial
Mutant
Compound (Substance)
Population Group
Research Study

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