Exploring the clinical association between neurological symptoms and COVID-19 pandemic outbreak: A systematic review of current Literature

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Davide Tiziano Di CarloPaolo Perrini

Abstract

Object: The novel severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-CoV-2 outbreak has been declared a pandemic in March, 2020. An increasing body of evidence suggests that patients with the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) might have a heterogeneous spectrum of neurological symptomsMethods. A systematic search of two databases was performed for studies published up to April 17th, 2020. PRISMA guidelines were followed.Results: We included 13 studies evaluating 2499 patients with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 infections. The median age of patients was 50.3 (IQR 9.6), and the rate of male patients was 50% (95% CI 47.9-52%). The most common reported comorbidities were hypertension and diabetes (18.7%, 95% CI 16.9-20.7% and 9%, 95% CI 7.4-11.3%, respectively). Headache was reported in 17.9% of patients (95% CI 16.1-19.8%), and dizziness in 13.9% (95% CI 10.7-18%). Fatigue or myalgia, hypo/anosmia, and gustatory dysfunction were reported in 24%, 55.2%, and 55.4%, of patients, respectively.Conclusions: These data support accumulating evidence that a significant proportion of patients with COVID-19 infection develop neurological manifestations, especially olfactory and gustatory dysfunction. The pathophysiology of this association is under inves...Continue Reading

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