Mar 30, 2014

Experimental erosion of microbial diversity decreases soil CH4 consumption rates

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Daniel McGlinnPascal A Niklaus

Abstract

Biodiversity-ecosystem functioning (BEF) experiments have predominantly focused on communities of higher organisms, in particular plants, with comparably little known to date about the relevance of biodiversity for microbially-driven biogeochemical processes. Methanotrophic bacteria play a key role in Earth's methane (CH4) cycle by removing atmospheric CH4 and reducing emissions from methanogenesis in wetlands and landfills. Here, we used a dilution-to-extinction approach to simulate diversity loss in a methanotrophic landfill cover soil community. Combining analyses of CH4 flux and community structure, we found a linear decrease of CH4 oxidation rates with the number of taxonomic units lost. This effect was independent of community size, consistent over the three-month study, and occurred in relatively diverse communities, challenging the notion of high functional redundancy mediating high resistance to diversity erosion in natural microbial systems. The effects we report resemble the ones for higher organisms, suggesting that BEF-relationships are universal across taxa and spatial scales.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Size
Patterns
Spatial Distribution
Maximum-H
Meted
Ecological Momentary Assessment
Biochemical Turnover
Species
9-enol-prostaglandin E2 methyl ester trimethylsilyl ether
Disintegration (Morphologic Abnormality)

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