PMID: 7091911Jul 1, 1982Paper

Exponential analysis of the lung pressure-volume curve as a predictor of pulmonary emphysema

The American Review of Respiratory Disease
P D ParéJ Hogg

Abstract

To compare the predictive value of different pulmonary function tests in the diagnosis of morphologic emphysema, we performed measurements of subdivisions of lung volume, gas exchange, maximal expiratory flow rates, and static deflation pressure-volume curves on 55 subjects prior to surgery for removal of an isolated peripheral pulmonary lesion. Emphysema was graded on the resected lung specimen and the pressure-volume data were fitted to an exponential equation (V = A - Be-KP). By chi-square analysis, K was the best predictor of emphysema in individual subjects and it was the only test that distinguished subjects with moderate emphysema from subjects with mild or without emphysema, but K did not distinguish those with mild emphysema from those without emphysema. As a group those with mild emphysema were distinguishable from predicted normal with K and elastic recoil pressures at 90 and 60% of predicted total lung capacity. We conclude that minimal emphysema may be detected by exponential analysis of the lung pressure-volume curve.

Related Concepts

Lung
Lung Volume Measurements
Focal Emphysema
Respiratory Function Tests
Total Lung Capacity

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