Aug 15, 1998

Expression and functional analysis of mouse EXT1, a homolog of the human multiple exostoses type 1 gene

Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
X LinD Wells

Abstract

Hereditary multiple exostoses (EXT) is a genetically heterogeneous, autosomal dominant skeletal disorder. The gene for EXT1 maps to human chromosome 8q24.1 and encodes an evolutionary conserved protein that is a member of a multigene family. The mouse homolog of human EXT1 protein is 99% similar to its human counterpart. Here, we present the expression profiles of the mouse EXT1 gene. EXT1 mRNA is initially expressed at 6.5 days post-coitum (d.p.c.), which coincides with gastrulation of the mouse embryo. Whole mount in situ hybridization with 10.5 to 12.5 d.p.c. mouse embryos showed a high level of expression of EXT1 mRNA in developing limb buds. Epitope tagging experiments revealed the endoplasmic reticulum localization of EXT1 protein. This localization was consistent with a hydrophobic stretch of amino acids present at the N-terminal end of the EXT1 protein. These results provide novel information on the function of EXT1 and the etiology of hereditary multiple exostoses.

Mentioned in this Paper

Embryo
Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Transfection
Multigene Family
EXT1
Entire Embryo
Hereditary Multiple Exostoses
Cataract, Autosomal Dominant
Amino Acids, I.V. solution additive
Genes, Reiterated

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.