Jun 1, 1986

Expression and regulation of proopiomelanocortin-like gene in the ovary and placenta: comparison with the testis

Endocrinology
C L ChenC W Bardin

Abstract

Proopiomelanocortin (POMC), a precursor protein for ACTH, beta-endorphin, and the MSHs, has been identified in the reproductive tracts of both male and female. With rat pituitary POMC complementary DNA (cDNA) as a hybridization probe, POMC-like messenger RNA (mRNA) was identified in the ovaries of rat, mouse, and monkey. The molecular size of POMC-like mRNA in the ovary was 150-200 bases smaller than in the pituitary and hypothalamus but identical to that in the testis and epididymis. The size heterogeneity of POMC mRNA observed in various tissues is not due to differences in the lengths of the poly(A) tail, as measured by RNase H digestion. S1 nuclease mapping analysis revealed that POMC mRNAs isolated from pituitary, testis, or ovary share the nucleotide sequences coding for ACTH, beta-lipotropin, and the 3'-untranslated region. The regulation of ovarian POMC-like mRNA was also investigated. Treatment of 25-day-old immature female rats with PMSG resulted in profound increases in the ovarian content of total RNA, poly(A) RNA, and POMC-like mRNA. The concentration of ovarian POMC-like mRNA during pregnancy increased increased to 3-4 times that in immature or normally cycling animals. POMC-derived peptides are present in the hum...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Ovarian Diseases
Benign Neoplasm of Testis
Recombinant Gonadotropin
Untranslated Regions
Benign Neoplasm of Epididymis
Pro-Opiomelanocortin
Adenine Polynucleotides
Epididymis Disorders
Tract
Placenta Specimen

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